Oceans under threat ‘like never before’ – United Nations

Oceans under threat ‘like never before’ – United Nations

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Oceans are under threat, and United Nations weather experts believe the cause is due to Climate Change.

Following last years Atlantic hurricane season, the seas have become warmer, which has filed intense tropical cyclones in the Indian and South Pacific Oceans according to the World Meteorological Organization.

WMO Secretary-General, Professor Petteri Taalas, says the sea-level rise is a constant threat posed to coastal cities and towns.

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“About 40 per cent of the global population live within 100 kilometres of the coast, there is an urgent need to protect communities from coastal hazards, such as waves, storm surge and sea-level rise” via “multi-hazard” warning systems and forecasting,” said Prof. Taalas.

“In 2020, the annual Arctic sea ice minimum was among the lowest on record, exposing Polar communities to abnormal coastal flooding, and stakeholders such as shipping and fisheries, to sea ice hazards.”

A common threat observation ahead of World Meteorological Day is focusing on 24/7 work within national weather centres to protect lives and property.

Weather forecasting has improved accuracy with timing; however, vessels lack the latest technology when a weather event occurs, leaving them helpless with up to date news.

“It is vital to improving decision support services to help mariners reach a balance between minimizing costs and routing, whilst also maximizing safety and avoiding hazardous maritime weather,” WMO said in a statement.

As sea ice-loss increases, it means the world is warming up. Improved forecasts and warnings of both weather and ice conditions in polar regions could help solve the common problem.

Due to COVID-19, it has made matters worse where governments worldwide recalled all oceanographic research vessels to come home.

“It also reduced the capacity of commercial ships to contribute vital ocean and weather observations,” WMO said. “Ocean buoys and other systems could not be maintained, in some cases leading to their premature failure,” WMO also said in the statement.

If greenhouse gas emissions continue unabated, it will increase sea-level rise between 60-110 centimetres. Global warming will need to be sharply reduced to below 2°C.

Image: Shutterstock.com

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